Category Archives: Flavonoids

Kaempferol: Disease Preventing Flavonoid

Kaempferol is a flavonoid present in a wide range of edible plants. Kaempferol belongs to the sub-group flavonols, and in this regard is in the same group as quercetin, myricetin and galangin. Tea, broccoli, cabbage, kale, beans, endive, leek, tomato, … Continue reading

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Phytochemistry of White Cabbage (Brassica oleracea)

White cabbage (Brassica oleraceae) is a cruciferous vegetable belonging to the same family as broccoli, Brussel sprouts, watercress and cauliflower. Cabbage is a relatively cheap vegetable and is commonly available in large parts of the world, which makes it an … Continue reading

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Basil (Ocimum basilicum): Flavones

A number of cultivars of basil (Ocimum basilicum) are commonly grown for their culinary uses. Apart from these culinary uses, basil is a known medicinal plant that contains significant levels of nutritionally important phytochemicals that may protect from certain Western … Continue reading

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Asparagus (Asparagus racemosus): Phytochemistry

Asparagus racemosus is a plant that belongs to the Liliaceae family of plants. Asparagus racemosus is sometimes also called Satawar, Satamuli or Shatavari. It grows at low altitudes throughout India. Asparagus racemosus is used as a herbal medicine in traditional … Continue reading

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The Health Effects of Lemons

Lemons are an important nutritional crop that belong to the Rutacaea family of plants. Whilst lemons are best known for their bitter and sharp tasting fruit, many parts of the plant can be evidenced to have medicinal effects including the … Continue reading

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Flavanones: Citrus Polyphenols

Citrus fruit is protective of Western lifestyle diseases including cancer and cardiovascular disease. Citrus is a rich source of polyphenols and one of the major polyphenolic groups in citrus are the flavanones, a sub-group of the flavonoids. The flavanones in … Continue reading

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Baicalin: Antidepressant Phytochemical?

Baicalin is the main flavonoid in the skullcap plant (Scutellaria baicalensis). Evidence suggests that baicalin, like many flavonoids, has particular antidepressant effects. Animal models of depression, that involve stress testing the animals and monitoring their behaviour, show that baicalin has … Continue reading

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Antioxidants in Lettuce

Lettuce is an important vegetable for the luxury market where low energy intake where low energy foods are desired. Lettuce has a high water content and is devoid of any real calorific value. However, many varieties of lettuce do have … Continue reading

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Cocoa as a Mood Enhancing Drink

Cocoa is a drink that has been extensively researched for its health effects. Cocoa is thought to be healthy because of the phytochemicals it contains. In particular, cocoa contains a group of flavonoid polymers called proanthocyanidins that may act as … Continue reading

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Oxidative Stress and Cortisol Resistance

Cortisol is a stress hormone that is released in response to environmental stress. Cortisol is considered one of the major stress hormones in humans while corticosterone performs a similar role in animals. One of the functions of cortisol is to … Continue reading

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