Monthly Archives: October 2023

Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus): Phytochemistry

Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus) is a plant that belongs to the Liliaceae family of plants. The plant is interesting foma phytochemical point of view as it may contain a number of phytochemicals that have important health effects. One of the main … Continue reading

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Phytooestrogens: Male Reproduction

Phytoestrogens are plant derived chemicals that can attach to the oestrogen receptor in humans and animals. They generally have low activity on the receptor, but are able to cause stimulation and thus can be said to have an oestrogenic effect. … Continue reading

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Choline for Memory

Choline is an essential deity component sometimes grouped with the B vitamins. Choline and its metabolites are required for normal cell signalling, and choline can be metabolised to betaine, which is required for homocysteine metabolism and is an important methyl … Continue reading

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α-Lipoic acid and Glutathione levels

α-Lipoic is an important cellular antioxidant that is fairly unique in that it is both water soluble and lipid soluble. This makes it a very versatile antioxidant because it can protect a range of cellular components from oxidative stress. One … Continue reading

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Vitamin E and Reproductive Function

Vitamin E is an important cellular antioxidant in humans and animals, where it plays an essential function in maintaining the antioxidant potential of cell membranes. In this particular role vitamin E is one of the primary lipid soluble antioxidants, working … Continue reading

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Vitamin D Supplements to Prevent Osteoporosis

Ageing is associated with a reduced density of bone, and this reduced density increases the risk of fractures. Women are particularly susceptible to this reduced bone mass which implies that the condition of osteoporosis may be heavily dependent on hormone … Continue reading

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Glycine and Glutamate Bind to the N-methyl-D-aspartate Receptor

The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor is present in the central nervous system where it has an excitatory effect on neuronal activity. A number of ligands exist for the NMDA receptor, and two of these include glutamate and glycine. Glutamate can bind … Continue reading

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Fructose Absorption

Fructose in its refined crystalline form is detrimental to the healthy because it can cause the development of insulin resistance, obesity and diabetes, and their associated health problems. Fructose is absorbed from the gut by the intestinal GLUT5 transporter in … Continue reading

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Acetyl-L-Carnitine: Lipid Metabolism

Acetyl-L-carnitine has some interesting physiological benefits which include physical performance and cognitive enhancing effects. Oral acetyl-L-carnitine increases blood levels of L-carnitine significantly showing it is bioavailable. Acetyl-L-carnitine is hydrolysed partially in the gut enterocytes. One problem associated with ageing is … Continue reading

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Maca Root (Lepidium meyenii)

Peruvian maca (Lepidium meyenii) grows native to South America and has a long use as a traditional medicine. The root is rich in a number of nutrients including essential amino acids vitamin C, copper, iron, calcium, fatty acid as well … Continue reading

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