Lemons and Limes

Lemons (Citrus limon) and limes (Citrus aurantifolia or Citrus latifolia) are important citrus fruits in the human diet. Citrus fruit are perhaps best known as being a source of vitamin C. Cultivated lemons and limes are derived from hybridisation of citron (Citrus medica) with primitive papeda (Citrus cavaleriei or Citrus ichangensis) and this makes them very different from other varieties of citrus fruit such as oranges and mandarins. The juice of lemons and limes is high in vitamins, minerals, and flavonoids belonging to the flavanone group, and studies suggest that lemon and lime consumption can decrease inflammation, reduce oxidative stress and protect from a number of Western lifestyle diseases including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity and cancer. Lemons and limes also contain fibre in the flesh and the peel and this can also have significant health benefits, particularly relating to delaying the speed at which sugars are digested and absorbed, producing a significant anti-diiabetic effect. 

Eat Well, Stay Healthy, Protect Yourself


Liu, S., Li, S. and Ho, C.T. 2022. Dietary bioactives and essential oils of lemon and lime fruits. Food Science and Human Wellness. 11: 753-764

About Robert Barrington

Robert Barrington is a writer, nutritionist, lecturer and philosopher.
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