Fruits and vegetables confer a number of health benefits to those who consume them regularly. In particular, fruits and vegetables are associated with protection from cancer and cardiovascular disease, and regular consumption of a diet rich in fruit and vegetables may decrease the risk of weight gain. However, clearly not all fruit and vegetables are the same as there is a huge variety and each contains different levels of macronutrients and micronutrients. One of the most interesting aspects of this is the ripeness of the product. Generally as products ripen, particularly with fruit, the sugar content increases at the expense of the starch content. Ripe bananas therefore contain less starch and more sugar than unripe bananas. Further the cultivar in question also plays a significant role in the nutrition of the food. Wild cultivars tend to be lower in sugar as often commercial cultivars are propagated for their increased sugar content. This makes commercial varieties perhaps more palatable, but also less beneficial to the health.
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