A selenium deficient diet is known to increase the risk of mood disorders including anxiety and depression. A high selenium diet or selenium supplements can reverse a selenium deficiency and also improve mood. A number of studies have investigated the effects of selenium on mood and these studies provide good evidence that both high selenium diets and selenium supplements are able to cause elevations in mood in those with low levels of selenium. For example, in one study, researchers administered a supplement of selenium, vitamin C and folate to a group of elderly nursing home residents. Selenium levels were inversely associated with depression, but no association was found for vitamin C or folate. The supplement was significantly beneficial at improving the mood of the subjects in those subjects with low levels of selenium. In addition to the improvements in mood, the subjects with low levels of selenium also had significant elevations in plasma levels of selenium following supplementation.
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