Neuroprotective Effects of Olive Oil Terpenoids

Olive oil is a rich source of phytochemicals, many of which may confer beneficial health effects to humans. Nutritional studies initially concentrated on the fatty acid content of olive oil to explain its health effects, but more recently it has become apparent that it may be the phytochemicals within the olives that may be mostly responsible for these effects. One group of phytochemicals found within the olive that have been shown to be particularly beneficial are the terpenoids. Terpenoids are thought to possess anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anti-cancer effects. Studies investigating the terpenoids in olives show that these effects are evident for monoterpenes (C10), sesquiterpenes (C15), diterpenes (C20), and triterpenes (C30). The terpenoids in olive may confer neuroprotective effects on humans and animals because of their anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, and may have significant effects on the overall health of the brain tissue, reducing the risk of anxiety and depression. 

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Suárez Montenegro, Z. J., Álvarez-Rivera, G., Sánchez-Martínez, J. D., Gallego, R., Valdés, A., Bueno, M., Cifuentes, A. and Ibáñez, E. (2021). Neuroprotective Effect of Terpenoids Recovered from Olive Oil By-Products. Foods. 10(7): 1507

About Robert Barrington

Robert Barrington is a writer, nutritionist, lecturer and philosopher.
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