Elettaria cardamomum is a herbaceous plant that is part of the ginger (Zingiberaceae) family of plants. Common names for Elettaria cardamomum include green cardamom and true cardamon. The plant is grown as a crop in many parts of Asia where the seeds are used in cuisine. Evidence suggests that Elettaria cardamomum seeds may have medicinal effects and may be a useful treatment for mood disorders. For example, in one study researchers investigated the effects of Elettaria cardamomum seed extract on an animal model of post traumatic stress disorder, a rare form of anxiety. The results of the study showed that the Elettaria cardamomum seed extracts were significantly effective at reducing the anxiety-like behaviour in the rats, and that these effects were more pronounced at the 400 mg/kg dose, compared to the 200 and 800 mg/kg dose. Therefore Elettaria cardamomum may have significant anxiolytic effects and these effects may depend on the dose administered. As Elettaria cardamomum is a food, it is considered safe.
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