Category Archives: Proanthocyanidins

Are Proanthocyanidins Anxiolytic Agents?

Proanthocyanidins are polymerised flavonoids. In this regard proanthocyanidins are a group of phytochemicals comprising of catechin units joined in various configurations. Proanthocyanidins are structurally similar to the catechin flavonoids found in apples and tea. Flavonoids including catechins have been shown … Continue reading

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Cocoa For Relaxation?

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Flavonoids: What Are They, And Do You Need Them?

There is a growing wave of interest regarding the benefits of dietary antioxidants, and for good reason. Dietary antioxidants may play a pivotal role in disease prevention and the provision of optimal health. Antioxidants are chemicals that can inhibit free … Continue reading

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Proanthocyanidins and Theobromine: The Health Effects of Cocoa

Antioxidant phytochemicals found ubiquitously throughout the plant kingdom. Edible plants provide a wide diversity of antioxidants with rich sources being fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, tea, wine and chocolate. Evidence suggest that phytochemical antioxidants are beneficial to the health and may … Continue reading

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Chocolate / Cocoa (Theobroma cacao)

Phytochemistry: Chocolate / Cocoa (Theobroma cacao) contains a group of phytochemicals called N-acylethanolamines (NAEs). These can include N-linoleoyl ethanolamide, N-oleoylethanolamide and palmitoyl ethanolamide (PEA). These phytochemicals inhibit the breakdown of natural cannabinoid chemicals in the brain by inhibiting an enzyme … Continue reading

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Pine Bark

Phytochemistry: contains proanthocyanidins. These are polymers of the same catechin flavonoids in green tea. Also called oligomeric proanthocyanidins (OPCs) Uses: useful as a general antioxidant tonic, can also be used to treat issues relating to blood vessel breakdown or circulatory … Continue reading

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High Flavonoid Intake Reduces Risk of Hypertension

Flavonoids are polyphenolic antioxidants that are bioavailable in humans. The main flavonoid subgroups are flavonols, flavanones, flavones, flavan-3-ols, proanthocyanidins, anthocyanins and isoflavones. These different subgroups may have different biological activities, and are present in a broad range of foods in … Continue reading

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Factors Affecting Flavonoid Absorption and Metabolism

Flavonoids are a heterogeneous group of polyphenols that can be broadly split into flavones, flavanones, flavonols, proanthocyanidins, anthocyanins, flavan-3-ols (catechins) and isoflavones. Many flavonoids are commonly found in the diet and consumed by humans. Flavonoids, like many dietary polyphenols, are … Continue reading

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Flavonoid Synthesis

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Flavonoid Absorption, Distribution, Metabolisma and Excretion (ADME)

Posted in Anthocyanins, Catechin, Digestion and Absorption, Flavan-3-ols, Flavanones, Flavones, Flavonoids, Flavonols, Isoflavones, Proanthocyanidins | Comments Off on Flavonoid Absorption, Distribution, Metabolisma and Excretion (ADME)