Banana is the common name for the fruit of a plant belonging to the Genus Musa. Bananas are cultivated in tropical climates and are an important economic crop in a number of countries. Although the fruit is considered a food, other parts of the plant are known to have medicinal effects and banana plants therefore have a wide application in traditional medicine. The flowers of the banana tree have traditionally been used in cases of bronchitis, dysentery and ulcers and cooking the flower may confer anti-daibetic effects. The sap of the plant has been used in traditional medicine to treat hysteria, epilepsy, leprosy, fevers, hemorrhages, acute dysentery and diarrhea, and can be applied to haemorrhoids, insect bites and stings to provide relief. The leaves of the plant can be used as poultices to treat burns and other skin afflictions and the peel and pulp may have antimicrobial effects. The roots of the plant may be useful in the treatment of a number of digestive disorders. These benefits may be due to the anti-inflammatory effects of the plant.
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