The bell African lily (Agapanthus campanulatus) is a perennial plant with narrow leaves and which form clumps of drooping blue or white flowers that resemble funnels. The plant grows to about 1 meter in height and is native to South Africa. Evidence suggests that the Agapanthus campanulatus may have particular effects on neurochemistry in animals and that these effects may make the herb an effective treatment for mood disorders. For example, in one study researchers investigated the antidepressant effects of Agapanthus campanulatus in mice. The results of the study showed that administration of Agapanthus campanulatus extract for mice significantly reduced the depressive symptoms of the mice when they were exposed to experimental stress. The same authors also showed that the Agapanthus campanulatus extracts had the potential to alter serotonin, noradrenaline and dopamine transport in cell culture studies. The effects of the herb may therefore relate to changes it causes in monoamine metabolism.
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