Ginseng refers to Panax ginseng. Panax ginseng is also sometimes called Korean ginseng. Ginseng is characterised by the presence of adaptogenic substances called ginsenosides. These ginsenosides are able to suppress cortisol release and thereby modulate the stress reaction in humans. They also suppress the corticosterone release from animals and thereby have a similar effect. This is the main pharmacological action of ginseng. Other species of plants which contain structurally similar ginsenosides are also referred to as ginseng including North American Ginseng (Ginseng quinquefolius) and Siberian ginseng (Eleutherococcus senticosus). Ginseng also possesses a number of other phytochemical components that provide health effects through their antioxidant capacity. These components may contribute to the health effects of the main active constituents by conferring significant antioxidant protection on the consumer. The ginsenosides (triterpenoid saponins) themselves may not have any antioxidant capacity.
Eat Well, Stay Healthy, Protect Yourself