Schinus molle (the pepper tree) is an evergreen shrub that may have medicinal properties including mood elevating, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effects. These effects stem from the presence of a number of phytochemicals in the tissues of the plant. A number of studies have investigated the main phytochemicals in Schinus molle and have found a diverse range of known therapeutic agents. One study investigated the flavonoids present in the leaves of the plant and found isoquercitrin 6″‐O‐p‐hydroxybenzoate, 2″‐O‐α‐l‐rhamnopyranosyl‐hyperin 6″‐O‐gallate, gallic acid, methyl gallate, chlorogenic acid, 2″‐α‐l‐rhamnopyranosyl‐hyperin, quercetin 3‐O‐β‐d‐neohesperidoside, miquelianin, quercetin 3‐O‐β‐d‐galacturonopyranoside, isoquercitrin, hyperin, isoquercitrin 6″‐gallate, hyperin 6″‐O‐gallate and catechin. Other studies have identified triterpenoids within the tissues of Schinus molle. The essential oil from Schinus molle has also been shown to contain monoterpene and sesquiterpene compounds.
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