Schinus molle Phytochemistry

Schinus molle (the pepper tree) is an evergreen shrub that may have medicinal properties including mood elevating, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effects. These effects stem from the presence of a number of phytochemicals in the tissues of the plant. A number of studies have investigated the main phytochemicals in Schinus molle and have found a diverse range of known therapeutic agents. One study investigated the flavonoids present in the leaves of the plant and found isoquercitrin 6″‐O‐p‐hydroxybenzoate, 2″‐O‐α‐l‐rhamnopyranosyl‐hyperin 6″‐O‐gallate, gallic acid, methyl gallate, chlorogenic acid, 2″‐α‐l‐rhamnopyranosyl‐hyperin, quercetin 3‐O‐β‐d‐neohesperidoside, miquelianin, quercetin 3‐O‐β‐d‐galacturonopyranoside, isoquercitrin, hyperin, isoquercitrin 6″‐gallate, hyperin 6″‐O‐gallate and catechin. Other studies have identified triterpenoids within the tissues of Schinus molle. The essential oil from Schinus molle has also been shown to contain monoterpene and sesquiterpene compounds. 

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Marzouk, M. S., Moharram, F. A., Haggag, E. G., Ibrahim, M. T. and Badary, O. A. 2006. Antioxidant flavonol glycosides from Schinus molle. Phytotherapy Research: An International Journal Devoted to Pharmacological and Toxicological Evaluation of Natural Product Derivatives. 20(3): 200-205
Yueqin, Z., Recio, M. C., Máñez, S., Giner, R. M., Cerdá-Nicolás, M. and Ríos, J. L. 2003. Isolation of two triterpenoids and a biflavanone with anti-inflammatory activity from Schinus molle fruits. Planta Medica. 69(10): 893-898
Bernhard, R. A., Shibamoto, T., Yamaguchi, K. and White, E. 1983. The volatile constituents of Schinus molle L. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 31(2): 463-466

About Robert Barrington

Robert Barrington is a writer, nutritionist, lecturer and philosopher.
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