The Mediterranean diet is a traditional diet, historically eaten by the populations that inhabit the area around the Mediterranean sea, including those in Southern France, Southern Italy, Greece and North Africa. The diet varies slightly by region, but generally contain high amounts of plant foods including green leafy vegetables, whole grains, fruit, olive oil and wine, along with fish, meat and dairy. The diet has been researched and shown to have a number of health benefits and these include protection from cardiovascular disease, obesity and type 2 diabetes. Many researchers see the Meditarranean diet as a gold standard diet because it provides such significant benefits to those who consume it. In fact, the Mediterranean Diet Index is an index that is used to score other diets in comparison to the Meditarranean diet. This is not to say that the Mediterranean diet is the best diet, as no such thing exists, however, it does indicate that the diet may provide significant improvements in health that should not be underestimated.
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