Cecropia is a group of tropical trees that is found throughout the tropic and is Native to America. The Cecropia group of trees has been shown to possess a number of pharmacological activities which includes antihypertensive, bronchodilator and antacid activity. However, the phytochemicals in some species of Cecropia, which included high amounts of flavonoids, may be beneficial at treating mood disorders. For example, Cecropia glaziovii is a Brazilian tree, extracts of which are used to treat mood disorders and have been shown to be effective in animal models of anxiety and depression. Another species of Cecropia, Cecropia pachystachya, has been shown to reverse the oxidative damage induced by ketamine administration to rats. The Cecropia pachystachya extract were able to achieve this because they decreased oxidative stress in the areas of the brain affected by the ketamine. Therefore the antioxidant content of Cecropia plants may play a pivotal role in the mood effects of the herb.
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