Category Archives: Terpenes

Terpenes: Their Biological Role in Plants

Terpenes are phytochemicals that are used by plants in their primary metabolism that include hormonal, antioxidant and energy production systems. In addition to this, terpenes are used by plants for secondary functions that include important aspects of reproduction, such as … Continue reading

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The Nutritional Content of Brassica Plants

The brassica family of plants are a nutritionally important group of plants that include kale, Brussel sprouts, watercress, broccoli, cabbage and cauliflower. These plants have been evidence to confer beneficial health effects to humans. The plants contain a range of … Continue reading

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Ocimum bascilicum (Basil): Variations in Phytochemistry

Ocimum bascilium (basil) is a commonly consumed culinary herb, with broad leaves and a distinctive taste and aroma. The taste and aroma of basil comes partly from the essential oil that it contains. This oil is rich in phytochemicals particularly … Continue reading

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Terpenes in Essential Oils: Routes of Entry

Essential oils are present in plant tissues and comprise either fully formed terpenes or chemicals that are present in the metabolic pathway towards their formation. Essential oils often give the plant its characteristic odour. For example, the recognisable smell and … Continue reading

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Terpenes and Cannabinoids to Treat Mood Disorders?

Terpenes and cannabinoids are phytochemicals that are synthesised by plants for their metabolic needs. Both terpenes and cannabinoids are bioavailable in animals and humans and when absorbed they, along with their metabolites, can have effects on the central nervous system. … Continue reading

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Terpenes and Mental Health

Terpenes are a group of phytochemicals associated most commonly with plants, where they function as secondary metabolites. However, other organisms produce terpenes. Ganoderma is a basidiomycete fungus that produces terpenes. Ganoderma atrium has been shown to possess a number of … Continue reading

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Ursolic Acid: Neuroprotective Terpenoid

Ursolic acid is a triterpenoid found in plants. The chemical name for ursolic acid is  3β-hydroxy-12-ursen-28-ic acid. Over 20,000 terpenoids have been identified in plants and many of these are present in the edible plants that humans consume. The human … Continue reading

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β-Caryophyllene as an Anxiolytic

β-Caryophyllene is a sesquiterpene found naturally in plants. β-Caryophyllene is considered a dietary cannabinoid because it can activate the CB2 receptor and cause metabolic changes to brain chemistry. β-Caryophyllene has been researched for its ability to affect anxiety in animal … Continue reading

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The Phytochemicals in Cucurbitaceae Family Vegetables

The Cucurbitaceae family vegetables include the common cucumber that most people are familiar with from supermarkets. However, melons are also part of this family. Both cucumbers and melons are medicinal in nature, and this relates to the phytochemicals they contain. … Continue reading

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The Damask Rose (Rosa damascena): Chemical Composition

The medicinal effects of the Damask rose relate to the chemical composition present in the petals, leaves and stems of the plant. These chemicals can be broadly split into the essential oil and the non-essential oil components. The essential oils … Continue reading

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