Category Archives: Proanthocyanidins

Dark Chocolate As A Mood Enhancer?

Dark chocolate is considered a healthy food. This relates to the high concentration of flavonoid phytochemicals it contains, in addition to its lower sugar content compared to milk and white chocolate. The flavonoids in chocolate are derived from the cocoa … Continue reading

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Are Proanthocyanidins Anxiolytic Agents?

Proanthocyanidins are polymerised flavonoids. In this regard proanthocyanidins are a group of phytochemicals comprising of catechin units joined in various configurations. Proanthocyanidins are structurally similar to the catechin flavonoids found in apples and tea. Flavonoids including catechins have been shown … Continue reading

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Cocoa For Relaxation?

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Flavonoids: What Are They, And Do You Need Them?

There is a growing wave of interest regarding the benefits of dietary antioxidants, and for good reason. Dietary antioxidants may play a pivotal role in disease prevention and the provision of optimal health. Antioxidants are chemicals that can inhibit free … Continue reading

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Proanthocyanidins and Theobromine: The Health Effects of Cocoa

Antioxidant phytochemicals found ubiquitously throughout the plant kingdom. Edible plants provide a wide diversity of antioxidants with rich sources being fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, tea, wine and chocolate. Evidence suggest that phytochemical antioxidants are beneficial to the health and may … Continue reading

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Chocolate / Cocoa (Theobroma cacao)

Phytochemistry: Chocolate / Cocoa (Theobroma cacao) contains a group of phytochemicals called N-acylethanolamines (NAEs). These can include N-linoleoyl ethanolamide, N-oleoylethanolamide and palmitoyl ethanolamide (PEA). These phytochemicals inhibit the breakdown of natural cannabinoid chemicals in the brain by inhibiting an enzyme … Continue reading

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Pine Bark

Phytochemistry: contains proanthocyanidins. These are polymers of the same catechin flavonoids in green tea. Also called oligomeric proanthocyanidins (OPCs) Uses: useful as a general antioxidant tonic, can also be used to treat issues relating to blood vessel breakdown or circulatory … Continue reading

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High Flavonoid Intake Reduces Risk of Hypertension

Flavonoids are polyphenolic antioxidants that are bioavailable in humans. The main flavonoid subgroups are flavonols, flavanones, flavones, flavan-3-ols, proanthocyanidins, anthocyanins and isoflavones. These different subgroups may have different biological activities, and are present in a broad range of foods in … Continue reading

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Factors Affecting Flavonoid Absorption and Metabolism

Flavonoids are a heterogeneous group of polyphenols that can be broadly split into flavones, flavanones, flavonols, proanthocyanidins, anthocyanins, flavan-3-ols (catechins) and isoflavones. Many flavonoids are commonly found in the diet and consumed by humans. Flavonoids, like many dietary polyphenols, are … Continue reading

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Flavonoid Synthesis

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