Category Archives: Eicosapentaenoic Acid

Fish Oil and Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular disease is a disease of inflammation that can be caused by consumption or pro-inflammatory foods. The typical Western diet is high in pro-inflammatory foods and this explains the increased risk of cardiovascular disease in those that consume it. Eating … Continue reading

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Essential Fatty Acid Metabolism: The Effects of Ageing

In human nutrition, the two essential fatty acids are alpha linolenic acid (ALA, C18:3 (n-3)) and linoleic acid (LA, C18:2 (n-6)). These two fatty acids are essential to the health and without them death is inevitable. For the body to … Continue reading

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Tinned Mackerel in Tomato Sauce: Better Preservation of Fats?

Tinned mackerel is a healthy food because not only does it provide a good source of protein, but it also provides long-chain marine oils that can feed into the essential fatty acid pathway. This makes it a great source of … Continue reading

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Cod Liver Oil Versus Fish Oils

Cod liver oil and fish oils are two different supplements that have overlapping but distinct effects. Cod liver oil refers to the oil extracted from the liver of the cold water cod fish. This oil is high in vitamin A … Continue reading

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Omega-3: Fish Oil or Non-Fish Oil Sources

There is a lot of confusion surrounding omega-3 fatty acids and the best source for them. Generally, fish oils are considered the primary source of omega-3 fats as they contain both eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA: C20:5 (n-3)) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA: … Continue reading

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Walnut For Essential Fats

Walnuts are a rich source of the essential fatty acid alpha linoleic acid (ALA, C18:3 (n-3)), as well as other nutrients including tocopherols (vitamin E), fibres, arginine, vitamin B6, magnesium and zinc. The alpha linoleic acid content of walnuts is … Continue reading

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Fish Oils as Anti-Stress Nutrients

Evidence suggests that fish oil may have particular anti-stress effects in humans and animals. For example, in one study researcher administered 7.2 grams of fish oils per day to humans for 3 weeks. The subjects were then exposed to mental … Continue reading

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Docosahexaenoic Acid and Stress Hormones

Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6 (n-3)) is a fatty acid found in marine algae and fish oils. Once consumed by humans the DHA is interconverted into other long chain fatty acids including eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, C20:5 (n-3)). These fatty acids have … Continue reading

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Eicosapentaenoic Acid Reduces Cortisol

Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, C20:5 (n-3)) is a fatty acid found in fish oil. Evidence suggests that fish oil may have antidepressant effects, and this may relate to the presence of EPA. Studies have investigated the effects of EPA on depression … Continue reading

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Fish Oils May Reduce Cortisol Levels

Fish oils have a number of health effects in humans and animals. This relates to the ability of fish to deliver long chain marine fats including eicosapentaenoic acid ((EPA, C20:4m (n-3)) and docosahexaenoic acid ((DHA, C22:6 (n-3)). These long chain … Continue reading

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