Category Archives: Carotenoids

Phytochemistry of White Cabbage (Brassica oleracea)

White cabbage (Brassica oleraceae) is a cruciferous vegetable belonging to the same family as broccoli, Brussel sprouts, watercress and cauliflower. Cabbage is a relatively cheap vegetable and is commonly available in large parts of the world, which makes it an … Continue reading

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The Nutritional Content of Brassica Plants

The brassica family of plants are a nutritionally important group of plants that include kale, Brussel sprouts, watercress, broccoli, cabbage and cauliflower. These plants have been evidence to confer beneficial health effects to humans. The plants contain a range of … Continue reading

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The Phytochemicals in Cucurbitaceae Family Vegetables

The Cucurbitaceae family vegetables include the common cucumber that most people are familiar with from supermarkets. However, melons are also part of this family. Both cucumbers and melons are medicinal in nature, and this relates to the phytochemicals they contain. … Continue reading

Posted in Cardiac Glycosides, Carotenoids, Curcurbitaceae (Cucumber and Melon), Saponins, Sterols and Stanols, Terpenes, Vicine | Comments Off on The Phytochemicals in Cucurbitaceae Family Vegetables

Exercise Stress: The Effects of Antioxidants

Antioxidants may have significant benefits to athletes. Exercise is a form of stress, and the detrimental effects of exercise, at least in the short term, may be a significant increase in the generation of free radicals and oxidative stress. This … Continue reading

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Eggs As A Source of Antioxidants

Eggs are a highly nutritious food that are high in protein. In addition, if the chickens that lay the eggs are fed a free range diet, and allowed to forage for food, the eggs can also be a source if … Continue reading

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Microalgae As A Source of Carotenoids

Microalgae are an important source of nutrients. Certain microalgae are commercially available and studies suggest they may possess health benefits when taken as a supplement. Commercially relevant microalgae are the green algae (Chlorophycea) Chlorella vulgaris, Haematococcus pluvialis, Dunaliella salina and … Continue reading

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Enrichment of Eggs With Lycopene

Eggs are a nutrient rich food that provides a broad spectrum of essential nutrients. This should be no surprise as eggs contain all the nutrients to grow a young chick. Although eggs are generally regarded as a healthy food, the … Continue reading

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Are Tomatoes Protective Of Mood Disorders

Tomatoes are a rich source of nutrients including phytochemical antioxidants. In particular, tomatoes are known to contain carotenoids, the most abundant being the red pigment lycopene. Lycopene has a number of health effects and this may relate to the fact … Continue reading

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Chlorella as a Source of Lutein

Chlorella species is a group of freshwater microalgae that photosynthesise in a similar way to plants. Like plants chlorella produce a number of phytochemicals that are accessory pigments to photosynthetic chlorophyll, including the carotenoid lutein. Lutein is the most abundant … Continue reading

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Degradation of Carotenes in Tea Leaves

Tea leaves contains a number of phytochemicals that are degraded during the fermentation step to produce black tea. It has been suggested that these degradation products contribute significantly to the aroma and taste of black tea. A number of studies … Continue reading

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